Considerations When Building a Gathering Computer


Staff member
If you want to build a computer, but don't know what to buy, this article is for you.

1- Computer case
The important thing when choosing a case is that the case has enough space for ventilation, when you want to install an additional fan and/or liquid cooler, and it also provides you with space when mounting your computer parts to the case.
If you have the space, I would definitely recommend a case with ATX (that is, a larger interior) and 360mm liquid cooler support.

2- PSU
One of the most important parts of building a computer is the power supply that you will mount in your case. All the hardware in your computer consumes a certain amount of power. You can find out how much power your hardware consumes from some calculation sites. For example, if you buy a PSU with enough power consumption, when you try to add a disk or any hardware to your case later, your case will not be able to run it. A 600 or 650 watt PSU is sufficient for ideal use, but I bought a 750 watt PSU just in case. In addition, paying attention to whether the PSU you buy has voltage protection provides a great protection against electrical problems.

3- Motherboard
Selection Usually the motherboard selection is done at the same time as the processor.

a- The first thing you should pay attention to is that the size of the motherboard you will buy is compatible with your case. So you can't install an ATX motherboard in a midi case.

However, if your case is ATX, usually midi motherboards can be installed in these cases. Please note that the case dimensions are written in the product detail of the motherboard and whether it is compatible with your case. (Generally, terms such as ATX motherboard are used in product titles or details)

b- The second important point is which processor you will use. As the motherboards of AMD and Intel processors are different, the motherboard models vary according to the processor version.
In other words, the number of sockets of the processor you will buy should be compatible with the number of processor sockets of the motherboard.

For example, when you buy an AMD RYZEN 3000 series processor, the socket of the motherboard that is compatible with it should be AM4.
The socket type of the processor is usually written in the product title or detail.

Assuming we buy an AMD 3000 series processor, when you search for compatible AM4 socket type motherboards, you will see Chipset B450, B550, X470 and X570.

If you intend to use an Intel processor, you can choose your motherboard according to the number of pins.
1151 pin, 1200 pin etc.

The processor and motherboard pin numbers are also specified in the title or detail of the product page you are considering purchasing.

c- The third important point is the maximum RAM capacity, RAM type and RAM Frequency supported by your motherboard.
For example, if it says Ram Type DDR4, you cannot run newer generation DDR5 rams on this motherboard.
In addition, even if the MHz speed of the RAM you buy is high, it cannot exceed the RAM frequency of your motherboard.
For example, if your motherboard has a ram frequency of 3200 and you install a 4000 mhz ram, you can use your RAM as 3200 mhz at most.
So you need to pay attention to the RAM frequency of the motherboard is high. Even if you use low RAM, if you want to use a higher frequency ram in the future, you will not have to change your motherboard for this.

d- Pay attention to the PCI Express 4.0 slot, it is usually the type of slot that new generation graphics cards are compatible with. It provides faster data flow.
In fact, most of the newer generation motherboards have this.

e- If there is an m2 slot, it would be great for you, new generation m2 disks have read and write speeds of 4-8 GB per second.
Apart from that, having at least 1 PCI-E x16 slot may be useful for you in the future. This part works faster than x1, x4 and x8 slots.
For example, you bought an m2 disk and there is no m2 disk input on your motherboard, you can use it very efficiently with this slot by using an x16 converter.
If you connect it to the x1 slot, no matter how fast the read-write rate of your disk is, it will still run slowly.

f- Finally, for your convenience, you can check whether it has features such as Wi-fi, Bluetooth, Onboard (Internal video card).
The internal video card allows you to continue using your computer by connecting from this section if the video card you have installed on your computer fails.
But the internal video card image comes from the processor. In other words, since AMD processors do not have an internal graphics card, it will only work if you have an Intel processor.

4- Processor Selection
You have to choose your processor according to your motherboard, I talked about this.
The higher the number of cores, Basic and Turbo frequency values of your processor, the more advantage + speed it gives you.
In fact, there is not much to tell about processors, all you have to do is buy the latest and new generation version that fits your budget. If you say a recommendation, you should not buy a minimum i9 and 10th generation processor for Intel, and a processor lower than 9 and 3000 series for AMD.

5- Video card selection
Graphics cards have reached amazing speeds, especially with NVIDIA's RTX 3000 series.
If you are going to buy a video card, my advice is to buy a 3060 ti at least, 3070, 3080 if you can, and a 3090 video card if you can.
Of course, if you are not dealing with rendering, maybe you don't need such powerful graphics cards, but I think you should definitely have an RTX graphics card for a good gaming experience.

In addition, an RTX graphics card is required for Nvidia Broadcast, where you can change your background image without green screen.
Apart from that, you need an RTX graphics card to get IRAY output with NVIDIA Omniverse and to benefit from similar new 3D applications.

6- Disc selection
You should definitely have an SSD disk. This not only makes your Windows start up faster, but also allows your programs and games to launch faster and saves to complete faster.

The size of the programs you install is important when choosing an SSD. If you are a gamer, 256gb disk is definitely not enough.
Get a minimum 512gb, 1tb or higher SSD if possible.

Of course, there are also newly released m2 discs. These disks read and write at huge speeds of 4-8 GB per second.
You may not need such fast discs to play games.
But rendering etc. If you have studies, it will definitely speed you up.

You can also get a 2tb HDD as the second disk. You can put your archives on this disk and save your SSD disk space by installing your less frequently used programs on this disk.

7- RAM selection
RAM frequency values are very important. For this reason, I do not recommend a ram lower than 3600mhz.
Even if possible, use 4000mhz supported ram.
If we take into account the amount of ram today's games and programs, I recommend at least 16gb.

8- Is a liquid cooler necessary?
Liquid cooling is a system used to prevent our processor from overheating.
We usually use air cooling, but liquid cooling will cool your CPU much more than air cooling.
Because the thermal conductivity of water is 25 times higher than that of air.
I recommend getting it if you can afford it.

9- Monitor selection
It would be advantageous to have a DPI input when purchasing a monitor, this will provide faster FPS gain compared to the HDMI input. HDMI carries screen and audio, while DPI transfers screen only.

Get resolution and monitor size proportional.
For example don't get 32 inch for a 1080p monitor because on 32 inch monitors it's not very good even for 2k but 3k resolution will look great.
Just because the monitor is large, it does not save you space on the screen, it is important in resolution with the monitor.
So there is no space saving between a 24-inch monitor and a 32-inch monitor at 1080p resolution, just everything looks bigger.
In order to save space, your resolution should increase with your monitor.

There are screens in the form of TNT, VA and IPS.
IPS shows colors more vividly. If you are not a graphic designer, you can get a VA monitor between TNT and IPS and get higher FPS with the price difference.